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#219-֪144-ӡ-14/01

◉<ӡ>, <>, <ҿ>, <ߣ>. <><ף>, ݻ<>驁, <><>߯, ڰ, Ա<>, <ף>. <>, <ӡ>. 贏, <>, <>, <>, <>․<>, <陘ߣ>ͳ. ִ. <>, ܲؿ, ݻ, <>, . ۡ, ݻ; ִݻ. <>, , <ߣ>. <>侔. , ةߣ, . , ݫٽө; ݫٽ, Ѣ.

Ŷ ȣ ׵ 뿡 ĵ 꿡 Ͽ ڸҾ. û(233~237) ζ 糳 ڻ տ() ص ħ ̾ Ȳ() Ȳ(ף) ޾Ƴ. (-) ̸ Ŷ̶ ҷ.

翡 Ϲ 5õ , ̸ ()̸ ()̰ μ, (Ҳߣ) θ ִ ߰ϰ . Ȱμ ϸ ó . ׵ ()̸ 簡 4 ְ ζ ȿ Ϸ ӵǾ () Ǿ ִ. 縦 ġ ζ ̰, ζ Ѵ. ؿ Ҿ ȭ ο򿡼 Ҹϸ 꿡 Ѵ. dz Ȱ 뷫 . ʰ ְ Ǿ  ⿡ Ƶд. ڼ θ ħ θ ׷ , Ⱓ .



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/02

◉<>, <><><ͦ>̺, Ϩܫ. Ҵ, Ҭ̺߾٣ة․豐. <κ>Ҵ, <ؤ>˽. <><頡ʦ><>, Ҭ<Դ><ӡ>. <>: 「<ӡ>․<>׾, ˽, ʦ? <Դ>, <>, Ԩݻ, <>, , ʦ˽.」 ٥Ҵ, <ؤ>ݥ, , . <>, ۡ<>. , Φ<>, <ʨ>, , <ʨ>.

(618~626) ׵ ū տ θӸ Ҿ Բ ͼ Ͽ, Ȥ μ ڵ 뷫Ͽ. 2 ڿ ڸ ̸ ִ ƴ. (627~649) 2⿡ ȸ ͼ ׺Ͽ.

ٱ ij 糪 ġ ϰ ϰ 絵 Ŷ ٲڰ ûϿ. ̸⸦ [Ŷ Ȱ ƴϸ ׺Ͽµ ׵ ã°? 絵 ȣ Ǿ ִٰ 츮 ֿ ζ Կ Ǿ־ 츮 ׸ ׺ ڿ ٲ .] Ͽ.

ؿ ȸ ٽ ϴ ϰ ϻϿ, ̷ ̾Ͼ ׻ Ͽ. ¡Ͽ ɰ Բ 븦 Ͽ. ƿ 濡 ָ ׵ θӸ ε ҷ ְ ȭ ϻϰ ¹屺 Ҵ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/03

◉<>, ݻ<>, <>, 隸<ԴԽݤ>. ڱ, <ʨ>ݻҮ, Ҭ<خԴԽݤ>, <ʨ>․<خ>ԴԽ, <п>, <>; <ӹͦ>ݻ<峭ժ>, <>ݻ<>, <Լ>ݻ<>, <>ݻ<>, <>ݻ<֧>, <>ݻ<>, <>ݻ<ؿӡ>, <>ݻ<>․<ߣ>, 隸<خݤ>, .

ū Ű Ŵ ͼϴ ζ ָ Ÿ ӸϿ ڻ ֵο ӽ״. ʾ ζ ̿ ۸ θ ġ ڿ 10硤۸ س Ͽ ̾ ϻϿ, ްθ ʶַ Ȧθ źַ , Ȱθ ַ , йָ 츪ַ θ Ϸַ غθ ַ , ߱ٺθ ַ , θ ʷ ַ ۸ο ӽŰ ֵ װ ڻ Ҵ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/04

◉<ʨ>, <>֧, η<޹><خ>ԴԽ<ͳ><Դ>. <ʨ>: <ͽذ>, ․<>, <>; <>, ․<خ>ԴԽ. <><ؿ>, <>. <>ԴԽ<翽>, ٲ, <>. <ؿ>, , կ, ܲ, ߯<翽>, Ԩ<>. <><߾ʦ>, <ؿ>, ܲ, , , ؿ, ؿ, <>, ̪<>. <>, <>․<>․<>․<ث>̪; <><߲><μԳ>, ҡ<>. <ؿ><ؿ>, <><>. <硤><麞>, , <>․<>. <>, к. ڤ, Ҭ<><><ܫԳ>η, ̪<ӡ>; ٴҿ, ί畀, ̪ۡ. <ؿ><Ӫ>, <ܫԳ>η<>ٴ, <ؿ>ߣ. <>, <><黙啜>ݻ. <ؿ>ߤܲݥ, ܬ<խ>․<><>, ߯<>, .

ؿ Ҿ ̾ ݿ ϴ ౺Ѱ ƻߺ ۸ ƺ (Դ:) ƴ. ļ ־µ 屺ź ڻ簡 Ǿ ͼտ Ͽ, 屺۸ Ǿ. ׸ ̶ ļ ־µ ͼڻ簡 Ǿ.

ֵ ȳ ϰ ϸ ſ Ͽ. ڷμ Ͽ ־⿡ ߱ ˰ ־ Ű η ʰ, Բ 縦 ȳ ϰ ָ Ͽ ݶϿ. ̶ θ 縦 Ͽ ϴ Ű ŵ ʾ, μ ɵǰ 10̶ ϸ ָ Ͽ ݺλ Ҵ.

İ Ͽ 屺 λ, ݿ屺 , 칫屺 ̴, Ұ 28 屺 ׸ ġ Ͽ, 縦 ȹ ׸ ϰ Ͽ. Īȣ ̶ ϰ ̶ Ͽ. Ȳ ο ġµ, 밡 ŵ ϰ ΰ Ǿ . Ͽ () ̱ Ͽ.

ߴٴ ޵Ǿ ˷ İ ̿ 칫屺 Ǿȿ Ƿ ûѰ Ŷ ġ Ͽ, õ 뺹  Ⱑ ִ ڸ Ͽ ο ġ ϰ ¡Ͽ ij ġ Ͽ. Կ 簥 ϰ ƴŸ (Ӫ) ϴ ûѰ 屸 Ͽ ο Ͽ ޾Ƴ. ʾ ö ζ Ͽ Ͽ. 縦 ŵξ ٽ ġ Ͼ ϾƼ Ͽ ()  Ͽ ڻ ϰ õ ŻϿ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/05

◉<>ڤ<>, ί<>․<>ܲؿ<ӡ>, <硤>, , <>. <ؿ>, <>. <>̺, к. Ҭ٤<Ү><><ܲԳ>η, <ץ><ܫԳ>η, <吒><ܫԳ>η, ܲؿ̪. <ؿ>, , <>, . <ܲԳ>η<><>ڭ, <ӡ>, <>, ˽ܬ<ͳ>․<խ>, . <ؿ>, ݥ, <>, <>, Ҭ, <ؿ>. <>߲, <ؿ>, ʫҿ<>, , , ҿ, <><Դ>, . <>, , , <>.

İ ׾ ٽ ϰ ȿɰ 츲屺 ұַ Ͽ 17 Ŵ Ŷ ϰ ϴ, ο 밡 ϰ ȿ װ ׾. ̹ ¼ ħ ָ Ͽ. ǰ ׸ Ͽ üϰ Ͽ ̰ܳ Ͽ.

̿ ݿ屺 ϳ Ͽ źѰ , ûѰ 칫屺 ŸǸ ûߵѰ 20 ġ Ͽ. Ⱑ Ͽ ︮ () ӵ ġ ڴ ϴ Ÿ ٰ . ׷ źѰ Ⱑ 븦 Ŵ Ĺ̸ ϴ Ŷ ũ Ͽ, ϾƼҸ ȹϰ ذ ׺Ű ŵξ Ⱑ Ҵ.

븦 ޾Ƴ ٽ ؿ Ͽµ ذ 鿡 ϴ ̿ ũ ޾Ƴ. 屸 ź ϰ Ҵµ Ͽ ȿ θ 뺹 Ҿ ϰ (+) ޾Ƴ ǰϿ Ǯ Ʒ 뺹 Ӹ , 屸 װ 㹰.ǰ Ͽ ƿ İ ⻵ϰ õϿ ȣ Ű()̶ Ͽ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/06

◉<ӡ>ء, ݾ<>. <>Ҵ, ̢<ͳ>․<խ><ӡ>, . , ܫ, ί, .

Ŷ ڸ ϰ ħ ȿ Ҵ. (700) ¿屺 ذ 칫屺 Ͽ Ŷ ϰ Ͽ ׵ Ͽ. ij پ μ ħϰ ϰ Ͽ ڵε ̶ ̸ ְ Ǿ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/07

◉<>Ҵ, <>ݫԴԽ<><黙啜>, ݻժ<頡ۡ啜>, <>ӡ. Ҵ, <><酺>, ݥ<خݤ>, <>ԴԽ, <خ>, ; ݤ<>, <>, ݻ. <>ժ, Խ. <><>ҳ<ե>, <>. ٥Ҵ, <>, , ̺, <ͳ>. ٥Ҵ, <ͳ>, ʥ.

(713~741) 2⿡ ̵ Ȱ ö ġ ζ Ŵ ̰ö Ҿ ͼ ͼϴ ܼ(ӡ) ö() ϻϿ. 2 (716) θӸ ̴ Ҿ ٽ ۸θ ġϰ Ȱ ۸տ ϰ ±ݿ屺 Ͽ, ״ ο ġϿ Ȱ 淫 Ŵ ִ ζ θӸ ŹϿ ڻ Ҵ. 屺 · й 븦 ϰ Ͽ ϰ Ͽ. ̼ ַ Ȱ ´. ؿ Ȱ Ư Ͽ, İϿ ϰ ƿ ߶ Ͽ Ǻ ۰ ٽ Ͽ ְ Ͽ. (717) ֿ Ҿͼ ϴ ȸ Ǯ ǰ ϻϱ⸦ ϰ Ͽ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/08

◉<ʦ>, <>, , <ͳ>, ڱ̽. <ʦ><ͳ>, <ͳ><>. ԴԽ<>ˣ, <><酺>ܲ<ʦ>, , <ͳ>․<酺>, <>ϫ, <μ>. <ʦ><ͳ>ݫ<>, ̺, <><خ>, <ʦ>. <>, ֵ, ҳ<ٷ><>/$ӡ: 「<>, ߾ֵ<ٷʩ޹>ҳ<>.」ݤ. ߢ「ʩ޹」٣「ֵ」߾, .$/. <ʦ>, . <>, <>, <ʦ>, , 攜, <>, ׺. <ʦ><><ͳ>, . , <ͳ>. ٥Ҵ, , <>, ҳ<><>, <ͳ>, ίݻ, <ͳ>.

ڰ ־ λ簡 Ǿµ, 밨Ͽ ׸ Ϸ Ͽ Ͽ. 찡 ϴ () ޾Ƴ. 5 ̴ 縦 Բ 츦 Ͽ ¸ Ͽ, ̴ ηϿ 븦 Ű (μ) .

찡 ̵ 츦 ַ ڸ ϴ 츦 ӸϿ ۸ Ͽ ־. 찡 ְɿ ϰ ַ ׿ ´. ¿츲屺 ŹϿ. 찡 װ ƿ 찡 ڸ ̾µ, ƴ ϸ Ű ϴ ָ ޾Ƴ 籺տ ϰ Ͽ ӹ Ͽ.

찡 ƿ Ұ ޵ ϴ Ͽ. õڲ Ұ θӸ Ҿ õڰ ӹ Ҵ. (718) ¿츲屺 ӸϿ ȭ Ű μ ٽ ϰ ȭַ Ұ ζ 1鿩 ִ Ұ Ƶ 鿩 ϰ Ͽ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/09

◉<ʦ>ݥ, <>, 鞅鞅. <>: 「, . ۰, ݾ, ʣ, .」 ߲Ҵ, <ʦ>߯<ͳ>, ء<>, <>˽<>, <>. <>․<><>̪, ̺<ΰ>․<ࡡ>ٴ, <.><Գ>, <>․<><伷>, <>․<>․<>․<>․<ؿ>․<ά>η̪ܲ<ӡ>. <><Գ>, . ݻ<><禕><Գ>, <>, . <ʦ>, <>˽, 俘ͱ.

찡 ٽ ̿ Ƿμ Ҹ ư. 忭 ̸⸦ [ ڷμ Ǵ ͸ Ѵ. ϰ Ʒ鼺 մ ̸, Ǹ ̴.] ߴ. 3 (721) 찡 Ұ ϰ ظ Ͽ Բ ȿ ϴ ִ α() ޾Ƴ.

硤 Ͽ ׸ ġ ϰ ߼ ޻ ǰ İϿ ũ ϰ Ͽ, ӸϿ Ϻϵ౺ ּ ׸ ϰ 塤幮̵ Ѱ Ŷ ġ Ͽ. ׸ տ ϵ ϰ Ͽ ׷ ʾҴ. λ󼭽žȱ Ƿ Ϻϵ౺ο Ҿ ij üϰ ϴ ׵ ũ Ͽ. ޾Ƴ ׺ϴ ij 翡 Ͽ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/10

◉٥Ҵ, <ʦ>Ԩܫ, <><>․η<ά>․<к>․<>․<>ؿ<>̪, <Դߣ>. <ʦ><>ܲ, <>ϫ, Ӯ, ; <>․<>, <>․<к>, ߯<>ܲؿ. <Ш><>. <Ш>, <ʦ>, <>. ί<Φ><ʦ>Ү, <Ш><>, ܲ<ʦ>, <Φ><ʦ>․<>, . <Ш><Φ>ݻ, <ʦ><Դ>. <Φ><>, <خ>ԴԽ. <ʦ>̪߯<Φ>, ʫ, <շ><>, . Ҵ, <Ш><ӡ>, , ͱ.

(722) 찡 , ʿ Ѱ ɡر١ǡ 1 ⺴ ظ Ŵ ׸ Ͽ Ʒ ο. 찡 ĵ ذ η ǰ ޾Ƴ, ǿ ϰ ɰ ر װ ׾ ص 簡 1 Ǿ.

Ը ŹϿ ׸ ٽ ϰ Ͽ. Դ پ ̱⿡ 찡 ηϿ Ϸ ̶ ûϰ Ͽ ȿ Ͽ. ׵ ġ ̰ Ҿ ȭ ԰ ׸ ̶ ϰ, 츦 δ ̰ ƴŸ ͼϿ Դ. ԰ ̰ Ͽ ζ ϰ ϰ Կ ߴ. ̰ ӸϿ 򱺿 ۸ Ͽ. ܴ Ͽ ϰ Ͽµ, Ƶ ȵ ޾Ƴ ȿ屺 Ͽ. 25(737) ԰ Ŷ Ͽ ٽ ׵ Ͽ, ݺ ݵ 翡 ϰ Ͽ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/11

◉<>, <ӡ><>˽, <خ>ԴԽ, <>, ҳ<Լ͵><ե>. , ߯, <><ߣ>. <ժ><>, <خ>ԴԽ. <ߣ>۰, <ӡ>. ۡ<>․<>․<>․<>ܲؿ, <>, <>, <ߣ>, , <ߣ>ڱ, Ҭ.

õ(742~756) 4⿡ Ŷ ū ȸ ׺ ۸ ӸϿ տ ϰ ַ ׿ . ؿ ָ ϰ ݶ ȳ ׸ Ͽ Ͽ. ٽ ض Ͽ ο ۸ ڸ ϰ Ͽ. ȳ پ Ѿָ ǥ ÷ Ŷ ϴ Ȳ 濡 Ѵٰ Ͽ. () () () ϵ() 10 Ű ظ ̷ Ȳ() ʿ ũ ο ȳ Ͽ ڰ õ ̾, ̷κ ȳ Ҿ ħϴ ذ ϴٰ װ ݶ Ű Ҵ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/12

◉<ӡ><>․<>, . ͺ, <><>․<ӡ>, <>, , 鄣, ܫ, <>․<ӡ>Ϩ, <>, ̸, , ν<>. <>․<>, <>߲, <>߲, <>, <>․<>, ݾ<鶻>, ݥί. <>Ҵ, <鶻>, <ӡ><>ݥҮݾ, ․. <><><鶻>, <>, 「<ӡ>」.

Ŷ õ(742~756) ϰ ģ ʿ. Ϸμ ؿ Ŷ ܼϿµ, (756~758)κ ķδ ڴ ٴ ǰ Ǵ Ű Ǹ ﰬ⿡ 濡 ʾ, ؿ Ŷ 뷫 ϴ 幰 Ǿ ظ ȣ ȸϸ Ź ҷ鿩 ϰ ְ ǰ ϻϿ, ׵ Ͽ Ŵ Դ ֿ ӹ Ͽ.

(762~763) ٽ ϰ , (766~779) (785~805) , ȭ(806~820) ϰ, 긜 ȭ(827~835) (836~840) ̿ ʿ, õڲ ׵ ȸ(ޡ) ̿Ͽ ٽô ׵ θӸ ʾҴ.

ȸâ(841~846) 2⿡ ȸ ĵ Ŷ μ ٽ ⿡ 촩屺칫屺 ӸϿ. ׸Ͽ ߹ ȸ񿡰 ־ ٲپ ο ϻϿµ [Ŷ] Ǿ ִ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/13

◉<>, <>̺, ݻժ寖ˮ. <>, <>. <>, ۰Ԩ, ˲ͺ, Ҭ鈔<>․<>, ݻ, Ϩ<>․<薊>. <ױ><ߣ>, , ׺, ة, <ӡ>Ҭ, ةϴ, <>. ݥϨ, <ױ><>, <ӡ>ؿ, <>, , ۡ, . 羣, ҡة, , <>ϴ, Ҭ, Ҵܫ.

(860~874) ٽ ڸ ϴ ζ . ģ ڸ ̾. (885~888) پ õ Ͼ ̿ ؿ () 뷫Ͽ, Ҽ ζ ׿ ӵ () () 뷫Ͽ.

ΰ 븦 Ͽ Ѿ ׸ ϸ ظ Ʒ ʿ ׵ Ͽ ӹ ϰ Ͽµ, װ Ŷ ̿ ȸ Ͽ ġ ϱ⿡ ΰ ̸ Ͽ. ٽ ߸ 뷫 Ͽµ, () Ű ڴ Ŷ 1 ⺴ ĵȿ, ׵ ȭģϿ 迡 帷 ġϰ ߾ Ҵٰ Ҵ. ij ϸ 5õ ġ Ϸ Ͽ ʾ, ⿡ ̿ Ҿ ȭ 10 濡 ʾҴ.



#219-֪144-ӡ-14/14

◉<>ع, ݻ߲, <Ѧ>ݻ, , , <>.

⿡ ġ ׵ ζ ε ׻ 3⸶ ڸ Ͽµ, ̶ ƺⰡ ϰ ϳ ζ ̷ ڸ Ƶ ϰ Ͽ Ϸ Ǵ ̷ Ǿ Ͼ ħ Ͽ.



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